GOOS, Pieter (1616-1675). Paskaerte van Nova Granada, en t’Eylandt California (1666).
This map, along with the “La Californie Nouvelle” by Nicholas de Fer, is the one of the most decorative ancient maps showing California as an Island.
Strangely enough, California was divorced from her continent after many correct representations. It was Michiel Colijn of Amsterdam who, in 1622, rendered California as an island in his “Descriptio Indiae Occidentalis”. This mistake was then copied for decades! Famous cartographers such as Abraham Goos, Blaeu and John Speed fell for it. Historians Nancy.H and McLughlin have counted a total of 249 maps (excluding World maps) showing California as an Island.
It is said that a Spanish ship, carrying the records of an expedition led by Sebastian Vizcaino that described California as being separated from mainland by ‘the mediterranean sea of California’, was hijacked by the Dutch who got hold of his expedition records and accepted this information.
Finally, in 1747, Ferdinand VI of Spain issued an official decree declaring that “California is not and Island.”
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